Three named clones are selected and grown by local growers (Tinggal et al., 1994).
H.C. Tan No.2
This variety bears 1-2 kg , light green, pear-shaped fruit with medium length spines.The
aril is thin but creamy, sweet with some bitterness. The seeds are shrunken and flat.
H. C. Lim
The fruits are 1-2 kg, elongated oval, brownish with medium length spines. The aril is
pink, thin sweet, not fibrous enclosing small seeds.
Lim Keng Meng
The fruits are globose, 1-2 kg, brownish with medium length spines. The aril is yellow,
medium thick, creamy and bitter-sweet.
Indonesia has abundant named and recognised clones but only
15 have been released as superior national varieties by the Minister of Agriculture: - cv. Bokor, Kani, Otong, Perwira, Petruk,
Si Dodol, Si Hijau, Si Japang, Si Mas, Sitokong, Siwirig, Sukun and Sunan.
In 1995, the Minister of Agriculture registered another 5 cultivars from Kalimantan Barat as superior national clones:-
cv. Aspar, Sawah Ma, Raja Mabah, Kalapet and Mansau.
There are many more varieties found in the other Indonesian islands especially in Sumatra.
This variety comes from Pelaman Mabah, Kalimantan Barat.
This variety is also known as “Durian Bung Karno” as this was one cultivar that the late President
Sukarno liked most. This cultivar is found around Ciomas, Bogor. It bears globose, greyish-green fruit with large,
sharp, widely spaced spines. The rind is thin. The aril is large, thick, pale yellow, dry, slightly fibrous, sweet and somewhat
bitter. the seeds are small. Each fruit weighs 1.5-3 kg/fruit and exhibits uniform ripening.
(Sarwono, B. Trubus 308, July, 1995 pp.20-21)
This variety was classified as a superior national variety by the Agriculture
Minister in 1995. The mother tree is about 100 years old and produces 150-200 fruits/year. The tree grows to a height of 35
m with a 20 m canopy and branching from 4 m high. The flowers buds are globose with 6-10 flowers in a cluster producing 1-3
fruits / cluster. The fruit is ellipsoid, light brown with short, conical widely-spaced spines. Each fruit weighs 6-8 kg and
the fruit can easily be open. The rind is 1-1.5 cm thick. Each fruit bears 5 locules with 18-22 arils. The flesh weight is
2.5-3.75 kg, golden yellow, finetextured,
dry, sweet, delicious and aromatic. There are 14-22 seeds / fruit. The seed is
ellipsoid and weighs 25 g.
This variety originated from Sukahaji, Majalengka, West Java and was released as a superior
national variety in 1993. The large fruit weighs up to 4 kg/fruit, oblong,
yellowish-green, with medium thick rind (3-5
mm) and large, conical, widely spaced spines. The pulp is pale yellow, fine textured, smooth, medium thickness, sweet and
odorous. There are 15-20 arils/locule and 10-20 seeds. Old tree yields 150-200 fruits/tree/year and the variety is tolerant
to Phytophthora but susceptible to fruit borers.
This comes from Semarang near the district of Brongkol. The fruit is large, 4-5 kg/fruit,
oblong to cylindrical, greenish -yellow, distinctly lobed with pointed closely
spaced spines and has small seed. It yields
(Sarwono, B., Trubus 308, July, 1995, p. 19)
This is a very productive variety with 800-1000 fruits per tree. The
fruit is uniformly round and weighs 1.2 kg. The pulp flesh is bright yellow, thick, fine-textured, sweet,
sticky , smooth
and mellow. Its aroma is mild and not pungent.
( Sarwono, B. Trubus 308, July, 1995, p. 19)
This variety bears large fruit weighing 6-8 kg with 3 arils per locule.
The pulp flesh is yellow, thick, smooth, delicious and dry and the seeds are small.
(Sarwono, B., Trubus 308, July, 1995, p. 18)
This variety originates from Desa Pesing, Kecamatan Sekayam, Kabupaten
Saanggau, Kapuas. Very old trees bear 300-400 fruits/year. Each fruit weighs 1.5-3 kg with 3-5 filled locules. Each locule
has 3-5 arils. Pulp weighs 0.8-1.8 kg and 95% of the seeds are small, flattened and shrunken. The flesh is yellow, fine-textured,
dry, creamy, sweet and delicious with a fragrant aroma.
(Sarwono, B. ,Trubus 308, July, 1995, p. 18)
This variety originates from Desa Sejajah, Kacamatan Sanggau Ledo, Kabupaten
Sambas. A 40 year old tree yields 200-300 fruits per year. Each fruit weighs 2-3 kg
with 5 locules bearing 15-19 arils,
with 3 arils per locule. The seeds are very small. Flesh weight ranges from 0.7-1.4 kg, ie. 45% fruit weight The flesh is
dark yellow, dry, fine textured, sweet, delicious and very aromatic like the chempedak.
(Sarwono,B., Trubus 308, July, 1995, p. 19)
This cultivar originates from Desa Sejajah, Kacamatan Sanggau Ledo, Kabupaten Sambas. the tree produces 200-300 fruits
per year. Each fruit weighs 2.5-3 kg with 5 locules and 15-20 arils. The flesh weight is around 0.7-1.4 kg. and is dark yellow,
fine-textured, dry, sweet, sticky, delicious, sweet and aromatic.
( Paimin, F.R., Trubus 319, June, 1996, p. 38)
This variety comes from Kampung Cikakak, Desa Sukamaju, Sukabumi. The fruit is large weighing 4-7 kg, elongated, brownish-green
with short, widely spaced spines. The rind is thin and can be easily opened. There are 4-5 arils/locule. The pulp is cream-coloured,
slightly fibrous, sweet with an alcoholic taste. The seeds are
shrunken and flat. It yields 400 fruits/tree/year.
This variety is found in Jonggol, Bogor. The fruit is ovoid (egg-shaped), brownish-green
with a thick rind and sharp, pointed closely packed spines. The pulp is thick,
dry, fibrous, bitter sweet and cream coloured.
Each fruit weighs 1-2 kg and it produces 300-400 fruits/tree/year. The seeds are flat and shrunken.
(Sarwono, B. Trubus 308, July, 1995, p.21)
This a superior national clone that was registered by the Agriculture Minister
in 1995. This cultivar comes from Kayutanam, Kalimantan Barat. The mother tree is about 60 years old and bears 150-200 fruits/year.
The tree is about 30 m high and 20 m wide. It bears 1-4 fruits / cluster from the 8-12 flowers in each cluster. The
fruit is elongated ellipsoid, yellowish-green, with sparse,conical spines and a rind of 1- 1.3 cm which can be opened with
ease. Each fruit weighs 2- 3.5 kg. There are 5 locules producing 15-18 arils. Flesh weight is 0.6-1 kg, ie. 30% of total fruit
weight. The flesh is golden yellow, thick 1.5 -2.5 cm, fine-textured,dry,delicious, sweet andaromatic. All seeds are shrunken,
and flat, each weighing 5-8 g.
This clone is popular in the district of Banjarnegara. The fruit is oval, weighing 2-2.5
kg, with conical, closely spaced spines. The pulp is dry, creamy, sightly fibrous and bronze-yellow (golden- yellow), sweet
and slightly odorous. The seeds are flat and shrunken.
This is an adulterated name of Chanee cultivar from Thailand and was released as a superior
national variety. The fruit is large, 2-4 kg, globose, brownish-yellow, with a thin rind and conical, closely packed
spines. The pulp is thick, dry, creamy yellow and sweet. There are 5-18 arils/locule and 5-12 seeds per fruit. The seeds are
small and oval seeds, It yields 20-50 fruits / tree/ year and is susceptible to Phytophthora and fruit borer. This variety
exhibits early ripening/maturity.
This originates from Brongkol district, Semarang. The fruit is oblong - stand like
a pot without rolling, five lobed with short, straight, sharp spines, The yellow flesh is sticky-sweet. Each fruit weighs
3-3.5 kg and the variety yields 50-70 fruits/tree/year.
(Jaya, U. Trubus 307, Jun 1995, pp. 22-23)
This seedling comes from Lenteng Agung -Jarkata Selatan. The fruit is small,
1.5-2 kg/fruit, oval to ellipsoid. The short spines are densely packed. The rind is thinner rind than Manalagi and green-coloured.
The flesh is golden-yellow, thick, sweet with a tinge of bitterness, slightly fibrous, dry and strongly odorous. There are
1-2 wellformed arils/locule.
This comes from Desa Wadas. Kecamatan Bener, Purworejo, Central Java. The fruit is
oblong, five-lobed, thick rind, brownish-yellow with dense conical, medium-length spines. The large, thick arils are yellow,
dry , fibrous, sweet and strongly odorous, enclosing small seeds. It yields 30 fruits/tree/year.
This sweet variety was released in 1992. The variety produces 100-150 fruits/tree/year.
It is resistant to Phytophthora and fruit borer.
This variety is grown in the district of Kendal. Fruit shape is not uniform - from
oval to roughly globose. The greyish rind has large, densely packed spines. There are 1-4 arils/locule. The flesh is thick,
firm, yellowish-ream, sweet with an alcoholic taste and a strong odour. Some seeds are flat. It produces 100 fruits/tree/year.
(Jaya, U.Trubus 307, Jun 1995, pp. 22-23)
This is from a seedling growing in Lenteng Agung -Jarkata Selatan.
The fruit is round to oval, 2-2.5 kg/fruit, brownish-yellow, with short densely arranged spines and a thin rind which is easy
to open. There are usually 2 large arils/locule. The flesh is thick, yellow, sweet, smooth, dry with a slight odour.
(Sarwono, B. Trubus 308, July, 1995 p.21)
A superior national clone registered by the Minister of Agriculture in 1995,
originates from Nanga Pinoh, Kalimantan Barat. The mother tree is 50 years old and bears 200-350 fruits/year, reaching a height
of 25 m and a spread of 20 m. Each flower cluster has 5-10 large round flower buds with red petals and reddish-yellow stigma.
Each cluster produces 1-3 fruit. the fruits are ellipsoid, yellow with small sharp, conical dense spines. Each fruit weighs
0.9-1.5 kg. the rind is thin 0.9 cm and easily open. There are 5 locules with 14-17 arils. Flesh weight is 277-460 g, dark
red, 0.5-1 cm thick, fine-texture, dry, sweet and odourless. the seed number 14-16, small and ellipsoid. The tree is resistant
to fruit borers and root rot.
This was released in 1993. The sweet variety is a low yielder, producing 10-50 fruits/tree/year.
This variety was introduced from Thailand and released as a superior national variety.
It bears the adulterated name for the Thai Monthong. The fruit is oval shaped with tapering ends, yellowish-green with small,
conical, densely packed spines. The yellow flesh is thick, dry, slightly creamy, very sweet, fine textured, and mildly
Each fruit bears 5-15 aril and 5-15 seeds, and weighs up to 4 kg. It yields 20-50 fruits/tree/year.
This variety is found in Darmaga, Bogor and Cilandak Barat, Jakarta Selatan. The fruit
is oblong and greyish green, with thick, yellow, slightly fibrous ,dry, sweet flesh, and small seeds.
A superior national variety comes from Sinapeul, Majalengka and was released by the
Minister of Agriculture in 1993. The fruit is round with thin green rind and large, conical, dense spines. The thick, yellow
is dry, sweet and strongly odorous. There are 15-20 arils/fruit with same the number of ovoid seeds. Each fruit weighs 2-3
kg. It produces 200-300 fruits/tree/year. The variety is resistant to Phytophthora and fruit borer.
This variety is very popular originating from Randusari, Japara, Central Java, it was
released as a superior national variety. The fruit is reverse ovoid shape, thin rind (3mm), yellowish-green with small, conical,
dense spines. The yellow flesh is finetextured, soft, extremely sweet, not odorous and pungent There are 5-10 arils / fruit
with 5-10 small, oblong seeds. each fruit weighs 1-1.5 kg. It yields, 50-150 fruits/tree/year. Petruk is relatively resistant
to Phytophthora and fruit borer.
Durian Raja Mabah
(Sarwono, B. Trubus 308, July, 1995, p.21)
Another superior national clone registered by the Agriculture Minister
in 1995, it originates from Mabah, Kalimantan Barat. The 100 years old tree bears 150-200
fruits/year. Each cluster bears
3 fruits. The fruit is green and elongated with widely spaced, conical spines. The rind is 1-1.3 cm thick and easy to pry
open. Each fruit
weighs 3.5-5 kg. The five locules contains 14-18 arils. The flesh makes up 1.5-2.5 kg and is golden-yellow,
dry, fine-textured, sweet and delicious and aromatic. Well formed seeds number 10-15/fruit. They are ellipsoid and each seed
weighs 23 g.
This is a major clone found in Desa Sukaya, Kecamatan Ciomas, Kabupaten Bogor. The
fruit is oblong cylindrical with thick yellow flesh which is slightly fibrous and
slightly dry with a sweet alcoholic taste.
the seeds are small.
Durian Sawah Ma
(Sarwono, B. Trubus 308, July, 1995, p.21)
This is another superior national clone from Mabah, Kalimantan Barat that
was classified by the Agriculture Minister in 1995. The mother tree is about 100 years old
and reaches a height of 25 m
and has a canopy spread of 20 m. It bears globose, green fruit with widely-spaced, conical spines. Each fruit weighs 2.5-4
kg and is easy to open, the rind is 1- 1.3 cm. .There are 5 locules with 14-16 arils. Flesh weight is about 1.3-1.8 kg,yellow,
fine-textured, dry, delicious, sweet and aromatic. There are 12-14 well-formed seeds. The seed is ellipsoid and weighs 22
Durian Si Dodol
This is a superior national variety which originated from Karang Intan, Kalimantan
Selatan. The fruit is round, five-lobed, yellowish-green with blunt, conical, dense
spines. The fruit is easy to open.
The flesh is thick, golden-yellow, soft, fine-textured, sweet and delicious. It has 20-25 arils/fruit with 15-20 small, elongated
seeds. Each fruit weighs 1.5-2.5 kg. The variety is resistant to Phytophthora and fruit borer.
Durian Si Hijau
Another superior national variety that comes from Kalimantan Selatan. The fruit is
round, green, five-lobed with sharp, conical, dense spines. The fruit is easy to open. The golden-yellow flesh is soft, fine-textured,
sweet, delicious and aromatic. Each fruit weighs 2-2.5 kg and each tree can bear 300-400 fruits/tree/year. The variety is
resistant to Phytophthora and fruit borer.
Durian Si Japang
This is released as a superior national variety and comes from Awang Bangkal, Karang
Intan, Banjar, Kalimantan Selatan. The fruit is elongated oblong, five-lobed, greenish -yellow with widely spaced, conical
spines. The flesh is yellow-ivory dry, smooth, creamy and has a coconut taste. It is sweet and high in alcohol content and
strongly odorous. Many of the small seed are shrunken and flat. Each fruit weighs 1.5-2.5 kg. It yields 300-600 fruits/tree/year
and is resistant to Phytophthora and fruit borer.
Durian Si Kirik
This variety comes from Singomerto, Banjarnegara, Central Java. The fruit is oblong,
large (>3 kg) but many fruits are deformed. The rind is greenish-dark brown with
short, large, dense spines. Each fruit
has 3-4 large arils
/locule. The flesh is creamcoloured, firm, soft, free stone, aromatic, Sweet with an alcoholic taste. The seeds are large
and light brown in colour. It produces 200 fruits/tree/year.
Durian Si Mas
This variety originates from Rancamaya, Bogor, West Java and was released as a superior
national variety. The fruit is oblong with tapering pointed stalk end, goldenyellow, 5-10 mm rind. the spines are pointed
and dense. The golden-yellow flesh is thick, dry, creamy, fine-textured aromatic and very sweet. Each fruit has 20-35 arils
and 20-30 seeds and weighs 1.5 - 2 kg. It yields 50-200 fruits/tree/year and is resistant to Phytophthora but susceptible
to fruit borer.
Durian Si Mimang
This variety comes from the district of Banjarnegara. The fruit is oval, small and
distinctly 4-5 lobed. The yellowish -green rind has blunt spines at the convex cheeks and conical spines at the convex
ends and is difficult to open. The flesh is thick, fibrous, dry, yellow, strongly aromatic and taste of alcohol. Each fruit
arils/locule and small oval seeds. It yields 400-500 fruits
Released a superior national variety, this cultivar comes from Rajah Galuh, Majalengka.
The fruit is ovoid, large, yellowish-green, five lobed with long, conical, widely spaced spines. Although the rind is thick
(10-20 mm) it is relatively easy to open. The milk-white flesh is fine-textured, non-fibrous, medium thick, sweet and strongly
aromatic. Each fruit has 13-15 arils and 10-15 seeds, and weighs 1.5-2 kg. It yields 100 fruits/tree/year and is resistant
to Phytophthora and fruit borer.
Another sweet variety released in 1992. It yields 100-160 fruits /tree/year and
is resistant to fruit borers and Phytophthora.
Released as a superior national variety, this cultivar comes from Ragunan, Pasarminggu,
Jakarta. The fruit weighs 2-2.5 kg, oblong with yellowish-green rind which is 5-8 mm thick. The thick flesh is creamy, dry
and strongly aromatic. Each fruit has 5-25 arils and small, oval seeds. The cultivar is resistant to Phytophthora but
to fruit borers.
Durian Si Welaki
This cultivar originates from Banjarnegara around Benderan district, Punggelan,
thus is often called “Durian Punggelan”. The fruit is roughly globose, distinctly lobed, with a greenish-brown
rind and small, widely spaced spines. The thick, creamy, yellow, firm flesh is somewhat fibrous. The arils are less thick
and not well arranged when compared with Sikirik but produces similar size fruit.
A superior national cultivar which comes from Gempolan, Karanganyar, Central Java. It has a thick rind
> 10 mm, and small. conical spines. The flesh is yellowish-white,
thick, dry, creamy, soft, sweet and aromatic. There
are 5-15 arils/fruit. Each locule has the same number of seeds as arils; the seeds are small and elongated. Each fruit weighs
2.5-3 kg. The cultivar yields 100-300 fruits and is resistant to Phytophthora and fruit borers.
A superior national clone which originates from Gendol Boyali Central Java. The fruit
is reverse egg -shaped, brownish-green with conical, small, and widely spaced spines and a thin rind 5 mm which makes it easy
to open. The thick, cream-coloured flesh is dry, creamy, fine-textured, very aromatic and sweet. There are 20-35 arils/fruit
but only 1-2 well-formed, elongated and small seed. The average weight per fruit is 1.5- 2.5 kg. The tree produces 200-800
fruits/tree/year and is resistant to Phytophthora and fruit borers.
This sweet cultivar was released in 1992. It yields 150-250 fruits/tree and is resistant
to fruit borers and Phytophthora.
This sweet cultivar was released in 1992. It yields 100-300 fruits/tree and is resistant
to fruit borers and Phytophthora.
There are six cultivars recommended for commercial planting
in the Philippines.
The fruit is ellipsoid, weighs 2-4 kg, yellowish-green with a thick rind, medium length densely
spaced spine and a short stalk. The flesh is yellow, sweet, very
glutinous with a slightly bitter taste. The fruit has
25% recovery edible portion.
It bears ellipsoid fruit, 2-4 kg, greenish-brown with long, sharp, dense spines, The
flesh is sweet and glutinous and make up about 25% edible portion.
This was introduced from Thailand. The fruit is ovoid with a broad and obtuse tip and greenish-brown
rind. Each fruit weighs 2-5 kg. The golden yellow flesh is sweet and make up 32% edible portion.
Another introduction from Thailand. The fruit is elongated with a pronounced beak at the
base. Each fruit weighs 2-5 kg and has yellowish-brown rind. The flesh is creamy yellow, sweet and make up 30% edible portion.
This cultivar was selected from a seedling introduced from Thailand by the late Dean Umali
of University of the Philippines at Los Banos (UPLB). The fruit is globose to elongated, 2-3 kg, yellowish-brown with golden
yellow flesh. The recovery ratio is about 32% edible portion.
This cultivar comes from Indonesia. The fruit is globose, 1.5-2.5 kg, greenish-yellow and
produces pale yellow and sweet flesh. The recovery ratio is about 25 % edible
More than 200 cultivars are known but only 60-80 are grown commercially.
Depending on the scientific source, durian in Thailand are classified according to their
earliness to bearing from planting
(Inthong, 1964) viz. early, medium and late, fruit maturity (Bamroongragsa and Yaacob, 1990) or lately according to the leaf
and fruit characteristics (Hiranpradit et al., 1992a). Bamroongragsa and Yaacob (1990)classified the Thai varieties into early
maturity, 103-105 days - Chanee, Gradum-tong and Lueng; medium maturity , 127-130 days - Monthong, Gob, Kan Yau; and late
maturity, 140-150 days - Gumpan, Enak, Tong-yoi-chat. Hiranpradit et al.,(1992a) classified Thai varieties into 6 groups based
on fruit and leaf parameters:
1. Kob - 38 varieties including Kob-lep-yeow, Kop-pikul, Kob-wat-kuey, Kleep-samut.
2. Lueng - 7 varieties examples Chanee, Chompoosri, Leung-tong
3. Kan Yau - 7 varieties including Kan Yau, Kan-yao-wat, Med-nai-kan-yau.
4. Kumpun or Gumpun - 11 varieties including Monthong, Gampan-leung, Chai-maphai.
5. Tong-yoi - 12 varieties like Tong-yoi-chat, Nok-yib, Chat-sri-tong
6. Miscellaneous 47 varieties such as Kra-dum-tong, Pueng-ma-nee, Bang-kum-non.
Monthong comprises 41% of the total durian area, Chanee 33% , Gaan Yaow 6 5%, Gradumtong 2% and the
miscellaneous cultivars the rest (Alim, et al., 1994).
Most of the description of Thai cultivars are reported in Thai and
scanty information is available in English (Hiranpradit et al., 1992a, Hiranpradit et al., 1992b) The
are also drawn from the author’s own personal notes and observation.
This cultivar is spelt “Gob” or “Kob” and has its own group, “Gob”.
Gob means frog. The fruit is usually globose sightly compressed at the polar ends with a slight depression in the apical end,
or lychee shaped. The peduncle is relatively short and thick, the rind is thin with long, recurved, sharp, densely packed
spines. Each locule has 2-3 arils with pale yellow to yellow, thick, sweet, creamy pulp. Generally the fruit is small, 1-2
kg. and yellowish-green brown. It bears fruit 6-8 years after planting.
This is the prima donna of Thai durian clones and the Thai name means “Golden pillow”
in English or “Bantal Mas” in Malay. It produces large, elongated, oval-cylindrical, tapering at the stylar end
ie. pronounced beak, lobed, yellowish-brown large fruit of 2-6 kg weight. The peduncle is thick and moderately long and the
rind is thick and covered with sharp, pointed, small, conical, densely packed spines. Each fruit has 10-15 arils and many
small, shrunken (aborted) seeds. Each locule has usually 3 large, thick, creamy, smooth, pale yellow arils. The pulp is mildly
odorous and of excellent quality,
constituting more than 30% edible portion and has little physiological disorders This
cultivar is extremely amenable for processing of preserved frozen pulps. It bears fruit after 8 years. Gumpun and Enak closely
related cultivars in the same group. Its poor fruit characters include the coarse-texture flesh, the high flesh fibre and
the flesh exhibit nonuniform ripening. It is susceptible to Phytophthora.
“Chanee” means gibbon in Thai and belongs to the Luang cultivar group (Hiranpradit
et al., 1992). This is an early variety which bears fruit 4-6 years after planting. The fruit is 2-4.5 kg, oval to broad cylindrical,
lobed and greyish-brown. The peduncle is thick and moderately long, and the rind is brownish-yellow, thin with blunt, large,
widely spaced spines. Each locule has 3-4 arils. The bright yellow pulp is thick, fine textured, firm, creamy, smooth, sweet
and of excellent taste. The flesh exhibits uniform ripening. The inferior qualities include high flesh fibre, frequent physiological
disorder, watery at full ripening stage, poor fruit setting and is it is
susceptible to Phytophthora and fruit borer.
“Gaan Yaow” or “Kan Yau” means long stalk in Thai. The fruit is
characterised by a long, thick peduncle of 10-14 cm. The fruit is lychee-shaped to globose, greyish-brown, rough with a moderately
thick rind bearing short, sharp, straight, moderately dense spines. There are 3-4 large, thick arils per locule. The pulp
is golden -yellow,
smooth, creamy, sweet with a pleasant aroma. This variety has little fruit physiological disorder, low
flesh fibre and good fruit setting characteristic. Each fruit
weighs 2-4.5 kg. The inferior fruit characters include the
large seed and the high number of seeds/fruit, high incidence of wet core, branch dieback, low Phytophthora
and poor processing properties.
“Gradumtong” or “Kradumtung” means golden button in Thai. This
cultivar bears fruit 4-6 years after planting and is also an early season variety in Thailand, fruiting around March. It belongs
to the miscellaneous group of Hiranpradit et al., (1992b). The fruit is large, 2-4 kg, oval and symmetrically or uniformly
distinctly lobed (5). The rind is brownish-green, thin and bears short, sharp, densely packed spines. The fruit peduncle is
moderately long. There are 3-4 large, thick arils/locule with yellow flesh.
This cultivar is common but not as popular or as good as the ones described above and belongs
to the Tongyoi group (Hiranpradit et al., 1992).. The fruit is heart-shaped or lychee-shaped, small 2-3 kg, brownish-grey
-green with a very short, thick peduncle. The rind is thin and bears small, sharp, dense spines. The arils usually number
three per locule and have pale yellow, thick pulp. It bears fruit 6-8 years after planting.
All the clones currently found in Australia have been introduced
from south east Asia in the main by growers themselves and to a lesser extent by Department of Primary Industry in Queensland
and NT Department of Primary Industry and Fisheries in the Northern Territory. Only a dozen or so have been evaluated when
they came into bearing but most are being evaluated for adaptability and productivity. which is a slow process because of
the long gestation period. Another problem is the erroneous identification of clones which may prove disastrous to the infant
durian industry in Australia. Thus far, about 40 clones have been introduced into Australia including 7 Durio species eg:-.
Ampung, Capri (MDUR 59), Chin, D 2 TE, D 2 SJRS,, D 7, D10, D 16, D 24 Ng, D24 Siah,
D 24 CYK, D 96, D 99 TE, D 99 (Gob Siah),D 118 (Tembaga), D 120 (KK5 Manong), D 123 (Chanee), D 140, D 143, D 144, D 145,
D 160, D 163 (Hor Lor), D164 (Red Flesh), D168, D 175 (Red Prawn), D 178 (P 88), D 179 (P 99),D 186 (Nasi Kunyit), D 188 (MDUR
78), D 190 (MDUR 88), Eden 5, , Hew 1, Hew 2, Hew 3, Hew 4, Hew 5, Hew 6, Hew 7, Hew 9, KK 11, P 21, P 601, P 604, Permasuri,
Sahom, TLK/YEAO, Taiping 1, XA
Hepe, Petruk, Sitokong, Sukun, Sunan,
Chanee, Chompoosri, GaanYaow, Gob, Gob Yaow, Gradumtong, Gumpun, Kampun- Luang Monthong DPI, Monthong
TE, , Luang,
From Thailand via Hawaii
Local Australian Selections
Johnson, Limberlost, Z1, Diedre 1, Diedre 2